Maharana Pratap | Rajput king of Mewar | Complete history and
Who was Maharana Pratap?
Maharana Pratap Singh Sisodiya or Maharana Pratap was the Rajput king of Mewar during the 16th century. Maharana Pratap is popularly known for being a strong opposition to the Mughal Empire and also for playing a major role in great wars like the Battle of Haldighati and Dewair. Maharana Pratap and Mughal forces of Akbar met several times on the battlefield, although the Mughals didn’t succeed in capturing Maharana Pratap. 
|Maharana Pratap I|
Reign – 1 March 1572 till 19 January 1597
|Predecessor – Maharana Udai Singh II (Father of Pratap)|
|Successor – Amar Singh I (eldest son of Pratap)|
|Born – 9th May 1540, Badal Mahal, Kumbhalgarh (Present-day Kumbhalgarh fort, Rajsamand, Rajasthan)|
|Died – 19 January 1597, Chavand, aged 56 (Present-day in Udaipur)|
|Siblings – 4 brothers, 2 sisters (including Jagmal and Shakti Singh)|
|Father – Udai Singh II|
|Mother – Jaiwanta Bai|
|Ministers – Bhamashah|
|Wives – 11 wives (including Maharani Ajabde of Bijolia)|
|Children – 17 sons, 5 Daughters (including Amar Singh I)|
|Religion/Caste – Hindu Rajput|
|Popularly known for – Defending Mewar as a small kingdom and being a strong resistance to the Mughal Empire|
|Weaponry – Swords, Spears, Bows, and arrows
Maharana Pratap throughout his life proved his military skills along with inspirational events still amenable in modern life.
Unlike other Rajput kingdoms, the Mewar kingdom did not accept Akbar’s supremacy and never agreed in forming a marital relationship with the Mughals. Akbar subdued all the Rajput kingdoms of Rajputana except Mewar. On orders of the Mughal Emperor, the Mughal forces started a campaign against Mewar and arrived Chittorgarh and led a siege on 20th October 1567 which lasted till 23rd February 1568 which resulted in ‘Shaka’ by the Rajputs. After this victory, the Mughals handled control over the eastern belt of Mewar.
Personal Life of Maharana Pratap
( FAQs answered in the section)
- When was Maharana Pratap born?
- Who was the father of Maharana Pratap?
- Who were the sibling of Maharana Pratap?
- Maharana Pratap’s wife
- Who was the horse of Maharana Pratap?
- Maharana Pratap children
- Maharana Pratap’s Jayanti
- Maharana Pratap’s childhood
Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in the Royal Rajput family of Mewari Sisodiyas. Maharana Pratap’s Jayanti is celebrated on this day of 9 May across India. Maharana Pratap’s father was Udai Singh (1522-1572) and his mother was Jaiwanta Bai. Maharana had 4 brothers: Vikram Singh, Jagmal Singh, Shakti Singh ,and Hari Singh ,and 2 sisters: Man Kanwar and Chand Kanwar. He was lovingly called Kika or Kuka. Maharana had 11 wives. Maharana Pratap married his first wife, Maharani Ajabde of Bijolia in 1557. He had 17 sons and 5 daughters. The eldest son, Amar Singh (1559-1620) later succeeded Rana Pratap Singh. Rana Pratap on 1 March 1572 became the 13th Maharana of Mewar.
Accession to the throne
- When did Maharana became king?
- How did Maharana Pratap ascended the throne of Mewar?
- Jagmal and Maharana Pratap
- Maharana Pratap’s second coronation
After the death of Maharana Udai Singh II on 28 February 1572, a small dispute arose for the successor of Mewar’s throne. Before the death of Maharana Udai Singh Singh, he declared Jagmal, son of Dheera bai (also referred to as ‘Bhaitiyani Rani’ ) to be the successor. The reason behind this is known that Udai Singh loved Dheera Bai, the most and she wanted her son to be the next king of Mewar. She convinced Udai Singh and he declared Jagmal the next ruler of Mewar.
Many courtiers disagreed and were not satisfied with Maharana Udai Singh’s decision. On the day of Udai Singh’s funeral, courtiers and rulers present at the funeral preferred Maharana Pratap as the ruler. Jagmal was rejected by Mewar’s officials and Rana Pratap Singh was crowned king on 1 March 1572. Maharana Pratap’s second coronation was organized in Kumbhalgarh.
What happened to Jagmal after being rejected as a king?
- Maharana Pratap’s early life
- Envoys sent by Akbar for Maharana Pratap
- Maharana Pratap and Akbar
- Why do Akbar wanted to capture Mewar?
- Dispute of Akbar and Maharana Pratap
|Vintage Painting of Maharana Pratap|
Mughal Emperor Akbar wanted to subdue Maharana Pratap in intent to make a stable route to Gujarat and to demonstrate a strong Mughal resemblance among the Rajput states.
Emperor Akbar desired to subdue Mewar without any war and he sent many envoys enjoining Maharana to become a vassal of him like other Rajput rulers. The envoys sent by Akbar were Jalal Khan, Man Singh, Bhagwant Das, and Todar Mal. In November 1572, Akbar sent the first envoy, Jalal Khan to Mewar. But Jalal Khan failed to convince Maharana Pratap. In June 1573, He sent Man Singh of Amer (1550-1614) to convince him. Akbar personally sent Man Singh with a letter for Maharana.
According to Historian James Tod, When Man Singh arrived in Mewar, Maharana organized a special feast for Man Singh near Udai Sagar Lake. Maharana Pratap did not attend this feast. When Man Singh asked Amar Singh I about Maharana Pratap, Amar Singh told that Maharana can’t attend the feast because he is sick of a stomachache. Man Singh thought that Maharana doesn’t want to attend this feast with Man Singh because the Amer Kingdom had marital relations with Akbar. Man Singh left for Agra in outrage and provoked Akbar for battle against Maharana Pratap. This story was supported by many other historians.
Battle of Haldighati
After the declaration of inevitable war between Mewar and Mughals, both the Kingdom’s forces began their preparation. Maharana Pratap before the battle of Haldighati moved his citizens from the plains to the hilly regions of Aravali. Maharana also took support from the Bhil tribe, who were always disposed to serve the Rajputs of Mewar.
|A painting describing about the battle of Haldighati|
Who won the battle of Haldighati?
Battle of Dewair (1582)
During the period of the reconquest of Mewar, Maharana Pratap attacked the strongest Mughal stronghold of Mewar in Dewair. This stronghold provided supplies to the Mughal army in the campaign against Mewar. Maharana Pratap wanted to assure a win over the stronghold of Dewair which was later very helpful for the kingdom of Mewar. In 1582, Maharana along with Bhamashah and Amar Singh charged at Dewair which was under the supervision of Sultan Khan. This Battle of Dewair took place in 1582.
Who won the battle of Dewair?
The conquest of Mewar
- Mughal Invasions on Mewar
- Akbar’s campaigns against Maharana Pratap
- Mughal campaign of 1576,1577,1578,1579,1580,1584 against Mewar
- Maharana Pratap’s reconquest of Mewar
How did Maharana Pratap died?
Maharana Pratap death
When did Maharana Pratap died?
Maharana Pratap’s life before death?
Maharana Pratap died on 19 January 1597 in Chavand. Maharana Pratap’s death anniversary (Punyatithi) is said on this day. There are debates between historians regarding Maharana Pratap’s death. Apparently, the reason behind Maharana Pratap’s death is believed in battle injuries. According to Dr. Chandrashekhar Sharma, inscriptions on a copper plate found in Mewar states that Maharana died while he was pulling the string of his bow, he faced spasm in intestines and later died because of it.
- Shakti Singh abducted female members of Rahim’s family and outrage of Maharana.
- Man Singh and Maharana Pratap
- Maharana Pratap and Bahlol Khan
- Maharana cut Bahlol khan
- Bahlol Khan’s death
- Bhamashah and Maharana Pratap
- Bhamashah Jayanti
- Jhala Man/ Jhala Bida
Maharana Pratap’s struggle for Mewar was indeterminable. Many stories from the life of Maharana Pratap must be justified by being propounded in his history. Historians have their particular opinion about these stories. These stories can be debatable but reportedly found true.
Tale of Amar Singh I abducting female member’s of Abdul’s family and facing outrage of Maharana
In 1580, Akbar sent Abdul Rahim khan-i-Khanan to lead a campaign against Maharana. Abdul Rahim also had his family along with him. He left his family in Sherpur before the war. When Kunwar Amar Singh (Amar Singh I) got the info of Abdul’s family in Sherpur. He abducted female members of his family. This compelled Maharana Pratap and in consequence, Amar Singh faced the outrage of Maharana.
Tales from The Battle of Haldighati
|A statue of Maharana Pratap attacking Man Singh at Haldighati|
Maharana Pratap in the Battle of Haldighati (1576) attacked Man Singh with his spear by jumping onto the head of Man Singh’s elephant. But Man Singh survived by hiding behind the Mahout. The Mahout died by the propelled spear of Maharana. While Chetak ( Maharana’s horse ) was landing on the ground, his leg got injured by the knife tied on the trump of the elephant. This tale of Maharana Pratap attacking Man Singh is a source of Mewar’s reply to the Emperor Akbar
A soldier named Jhala Bida/Jhala Man was spectating the whole scenario. Maharana Pratap continued fighting. He pierced the soldiers who appeared in front of him. The Mughal commander Bahlol Khan counter-struck Maharana. In conclusion to Bahlol Khan, Maharana with his strength chopped Bahlol Khan into two pieces with his sword.
|A painting describing Maharana Pratap piercing Bahlol Khan|
The truth of Bhamashah’s assets
|Cover image of the book ‘Danveer Bhamashah’|
Chronicles states when Maharana Pratap was struggling in forests, he ran out of funds and met Bhamashah who helped Maharana financially. Bhamashah gave all his intrinsical property and assets to Maharana. Maharana got the funds to enlist an army of 25,000 soldiers for 12 years. Bhamashah is renowned for his sacrifice to Mewar.
Armor and Weaponry
- Maharana Pratap’s height (in feet)
- Maharana Pratap’s sword
- Maharana Pratap’s armor
- Maharana Pratap’s spear
- Maharana Pratap’s weight
- Maharana Pratap’s Legacy
- Maharana Pratap’s Serial (Bharat ka Veer Putra Maharana Pratap)
- Maharana Pratap’s history
- Maharana Pratap’s skill
Maharana Pratap demonstrated his valor and devotion towards Mewar by serving his country till his last breath. He handled Mewar in its dreadful times. He had become a renowned historical figure in the history of India. Many television serials like Bharat ka veer putra Maharana Pratap, movies, poems, books have been based on his life. Maharana Pratap was the first Indian warrior to use the Guerilla warfare tactics in an organised manner, revolutionaries like Chatrapati Shivaji took inspiration from his Guerilla warfare tactics. Many historians including Gopinath Sharma, Satish Chandra ,and Hirachand Ojha applaud Maharana for his approach. Just like Maharana, Chetak is also honored for playing an important role in Maharana’s life. Maharana Pratap Jayanti’s date is 9 May and it is celebrated all across India, on this day Maharana Pratap is widely regarded as one of the greatest warrior of India. Many historians describe Maharana Pratap as the first freedom fighter of India. Similarly, Maharana Pratap Punyatithi (Death Anniversary) is said on 19 January.
Some chronicles state Maharana as an Avatar of Eklingji. Many statues of Maharana are erected across India. Abundant Organizations, roads, cities, and districts are derived from his name. Principles from the life of Maharana had become a source of motivation for the generation after Maharana Pratap. Although Maharana Pratap’s history is not much mentioned in school textbooks.
Was Maharana Pratap defeated by Akbar?
Why is Maharana Pratap so famous?
Maharana Pratap had became a so famous figure in Indian history because of his excellence at the warfare. Whether it using Guerrilla warfare in a stable manner or forming alliance by testing people with own’s knowledge and following the goal of freedom with ethics.
( The references of a particular segment will be provided at its denouement )
(The article and it’s references are consistently updated with time)
(Articles related to Indian history)
This is an unedited and auto-generated supporting article of the syndicated news feed are actualy credit for owners of origin centers . intended only to inform and update all of you about Science Current Affairs, History, Fastivals, Mystry, stories, and more. for Provides real or authentic news. also Original content may not have been modified or edited by Current Hindi team members.